At 31st October 2011, Mangalia was inhabited by a steady population of 36,364 people, meaning 17,754 of male gender (48,82%) and 18,610 of female gender (51,17%). The ethnic structure of population is 29.965 Romanians ( 82,0%), and the rest of 17,6% is represented by Turks (1,474), Tartar (1,183), Romas (165), Russian-Lippovan (116), Hungarian (82), Ukrainian, German, Italian, Greek and Armenian population. The prevalent religion is Orthodox (81,22%), followed by Muslim, Catholic and others.
During the summer time, at its most hot point, almost 500.000 tourists come into the town and its 6 resorts.
Mangalia is situated at the South-East limit of the country, approximately 45 km South from Constanta and 11 km North from Vama Veche border to Bulgaria. It has a privileged setting, on the same latitude as Monaco, San Remo and Nice: 43,9 North latitude and 28,35 East longitude.
Municipality's area: 2,383.31 (inside town)
Administrative land area: 5,493.26 ha (inside and outside town)
Olimp, Neptun, Jupiter, Cap Aurora, Venus and Saturn, along Mangalia, to which they belong in terms of administrative structure, compose the longest riviera in Romania, laying on 9 km along the Black Sea coast. Thus, the beaches expand on a surface of 43,7 ha, oriented East and South-East, allowing sun exposure for over 10 hours/day.
INFRASTRUCTURE, TRANSPORT AND ACCESSIBILITY
Mangalia has direct access to the main railways and roads, with optimal conditions to provide transport of passengers and goods.
The access ways to Mangalia and within its territory are:
Bucharest-Mangalia Highway, with direct access to the Agigea bridge
National Road DN39
Mangalia Commercial Harbour
Mangalia Railway Station – the terminus of the railway network in the South-East of Romania, with intermediary station in Neptun resort
International Airport in Mihail Kogalniceanu (at 70 km)
Tuzla Airfield for light aircrafts (at 20km)
Buses from Bucharest and Constanta to Mangalia and back, local minibuses and coaches
Mangalia Tourist Port – Mangalia Marina, hosting 146 boat mooring places
Mini-cruises along and the coast and further, in private boats
ECONOMY, BUSINESS AND TOURISM
The local economy is based on two main sectors: shipbuilding and tourism.
The representative industry branch for the municipal economy is new building and ship repair, provided by Daewoo Mangalia Heavy Industries shipyard, a Korean investment.
Textile industry is represented by a German investor, Lumotex factory.
The commercial harbour ensures the connection with the major international shipping markets and the transit of tons of merchandise every year.
It has a moderate percentage of the municipal economy, with an agricultural area of 2,959 ha. The representative activities are the breading grains and animal farms
- five local markets (four permanent and a Sunday fair), three supermarkets, numerous commercial private investments in services, catering, retail and tourism industries.